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Jean Baptiste Corot 1796 - 1875 PDF Print E-mail

Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot

1796 -1875


1796 – Born in Paris on the rue du Bac son of haberdasher. Until the age fo 4 he will be nursed in the country north of Paris.
1807 – Studies as boarder in college in Rouen. Discovers countryside with a gentleman who occasionally invites him to his house M. Sennegon.
1809 – Parents’ business prospers and they buy a house in rue Neuve des Petits Champs.
1813 – His older sister Annette-Octavie marries Lauren-Denis Sennegon son of Corot’s host in Rouen.
1815 – At the end of his studies he is apprenticed to a draper on rue de Richelieu in Paris. Corot tries to no avail to convince his father to let him study painting.
1817 – His parents buy a country property at Ville d’Avray south west of Paris where Corot will in the future live and work.
1822 – Corot at last receives parental permission to study painting. He is given a pension based on the interests of the dowry liberated by the death of a younger sister, 1500 francs a year. He studies briefly in studio of neoclassical painter Michallon (1796-1822) and after his death with Bertin who like Michallon was a pupil of Valenciennes. He paints in the forest of Saint-Cloud, Fontainebleau and in Normandy. He is one of the first French painters to paint in the region of Barbizon.
1825 – Decides to perfect his painterly education by leaving to study in Rome. On the way stops in Lausanne and paints lake Geneva. In Rome settles near piazza di Spagna not far from the French Academy at villa Medici.
1826 – Paints on the banks of the Tiber inspired by Poussin’s example. Paints also views of Roman monuments from the Farnese gardens. Paints also in the Roman countryside in frequent excursions (Civita Castellana, Terni, Narni, Albano, Frascati, Tivoli....)
1827 – Sends his first pictures to the Paris Salon, two landscapes including a view of Narni.
1828 – Travels to Naples, climbs Vesuvius and sails to Capri and Ischia. Returns to France via Venice and Switzerland.
1829 – Stays in ville d’Avray and paints in Fontainebleau forest. In the summer he travels to Normandy and Britanny. Paints his first portraits mostly friends and family. Exhibits two Italian views in Salon, a Castel Sant’ Angelo from Rome and a St Mark’s Square from Venice.
1830 – Leaves Paris during July Revolution, travels to Chartres, where he paints the cathedral, Normandy and Picardy.
1831 – Sends four Italian views to Salon. Spends summer in Burgundy and the Auvergne. In the autumn paints in Fontainebleau and executes portraits of his nieces Blanche Sennegon and Marie Louise Laure.
1833 – Works near Rouen. Paints two pictures for M. Henry an industrialist in Soissons including his factory.
1834 – Sends 3 pictures to the Salon. Second trip to Italy via the Riviera. Visits Genoa, Volterra, Florence, Venice lake Garda, and returs to France via Switzerland.
1835 – In Salon shows Agar in The Desert and View from Riva. Works again in Fontainebleau.
1836 – Painting trip to Provence with painter Prosper Marilhat.
1837 – Paints his first nudes.
1839 – Is closer and closer to family of childhood friend Abel Osmond. The influential writer and critic Théophile Gautier celebrates his Salon pictures particularly Le Soir.
1840 – The French State buys A Small Shepherd from the Salon which is sent to the museum of Metz. He is now recognized by most critics as a great master of French landscape. Works in one of his favorite regions, the Morvan.
1842 – Travels to Jura, Switzerland, and works in Morvan, Fontainebleau and Provins.
1843 – The Destruction of Sodom is refused by Salon. Third and last trip to Italy. Paints in Rome and its environs. Sells for the first time a painting to a private collector for 500 francs.
1844 – Works on important religious commission for St Nicholas de Chardonnet in Paris.
1845 – Warmly supported by young landscape painter Theodore Rousseau, the poet and critic Charles Baudelaire and the avant garde critics Thoré and Champfleury.
1846 – To his father’s astonishment Corot is named to rank of chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur.
1847 – Meets Delacroix. Death of his ailing father. From now on Corot will look after his mother at Ville d’Avray.
1848 – After the Revolution elected to Salon jury. Exhibits 9 pictures and receives second class medal in new more liberal artistic environment.
1849 – Elected to Salon jury again. Death of his mother. Exhibits new nymphs in landscape paintings at Salon. Paints in La Rochelle and Limoges.
1854 – Visits Belgium and Holland with his close friend from Arras, Dutilleux.
1855 – Exhibits 6 pictures in Paris World’s Fair.
1858 – Sells 38 paintings at Drouot auction house for 14 000 francs.
1860 – His friend Dutilleux moves to Paris so as to be close to him. Corot is friendly with landscape painter Charles- François Daubigny and paints in his company in Auvers.
1862 – Visits World’s fair in London.
1863 – Rents a number of his paintings to a painting rental agency so that they can be copied.
1864 – Shows one of his most famous late landscapes, Souvenir de Mortefontaine at Salon.
1865 – Decorates, with Daumier, Daubigny’s house in Auvers.
1866 – Paints more figures which are very popular with collectors. Great success at Salon where Napoleon III buys a painting.
1870 – Remains in Paris working quietly in his studio on rue du Faubourg Poissonière during the siege of Paris by the Prussians. 
1875 – Dies after a month-long illness in country near Paris attended by a friend Robaut. Is buried in Père Lachaise cemetery.

 
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